Adverbios

Adverbios

Teacher
Charo N.
The lesson is past
#adverbs

Los adverbios son palabras invariables. Su función es la de complementar a un verbo, a un adjetivo o a otro adverbio. Aportan significados muy diversos: lugar, tiempo, modo, negación, afirmación, duda, deseo, cantidad o grado, orden, entre otras.

 

Estoy cerca de tu casa.

Lo hiciste muy bien.

Actuaron rápidamente.

Mi hijo tiene demasiado sueño.

Discussion

Nina P. commented 1 month, 1 week ago
Really enjoyable lesson today Charo. Many thanks.
Charo N. commented 1 month, 1 week ago
Thank you Nina for your kind words and thanks to everybody for sharing your questions during the session. Having those in mind, I think is relevant to address something important: how to differenciate an adverb from an adjective? Adverbs respond to the following questions: ¿Cómo? (how?), ¿De que forma? (in what way?), ¿Cuándo? (when?), ¿Dónde? (where?). They modify verbs, adjetives and other adverbs. Ejemplo: El autobus avanzó lento, llegó tarde y se estacionó lejos. Adjectives respond to questions like: ¿Como es ___? (what's he/she/it like?), ¿Cuántos? (how many?), ¿De que color? (what color is it?), etc. They qualify the noun. Ejemplo: La nueva maestra es uruguaya, es muy paciente y amable. I hope you find this information useful.
Nina P. commented 1 month, 1 week ago
Yes, it all makes sense. Yo se que Espanol tiene su forma de hablar. Exemplo: Tengo veinte anos. We don't have "I have 20 years," in English, so it's no good trying to get a literal translation.
Jim B. commented 1 month, 1 week ago
Thanks, Charo. In my experience in both teaching and learning, adverbs are trickier than adjectives. In the following two sentences, which I mentioned in class, I would say that “fácil” and “regular” are adjectives. Not adverbs. Happy to be corrected, but I just see them as adjectives. 1. Es muy fácil aprender a bailar … 2. El plomero hizo un trabajo regular. 1. Fácil describes “it” as in “it is easy”. Fácil here could be substituted by difícil, interesante, aburrido, divertido etc etc which are all adjectives. 2. Regular describes the noun “trabajo”. If it were “El plomero hizo regular un trabajo,” then I’d see it as an adverb. But I’ve no idea if that even sounds correct in Spanish. Or am I talking nonsense?!
Sandra M. commented 1 month, 1 week ago
facil acqui es adverbo - no se puede decir 'es muy aburrida/divertida aprender a XY'
Jim B. commented 1 month, 1 week ago
Thanks, Sandra. I reckon I’m not understanding the Spanish, then 😬. They’re definitely adjectives in the literal English translations, in my opinion.
Charo N. commented 1 month, 1 week ago
This is a fascinating conversation. Thanks to these doubts I have decided to design a class addressing adverbios adjetivales and their uses, which, though not common in english, are very common in spanish. This is a good opportunity to realize the actual necesity to not translate in to english in order to undestand spanish. One must think in spanish. This may be difficult at first, but with practice it will lead to fluency. Nos vemos en las próximas sesiones, y gracias por continuar la discusión :*
Sandra M. commented 1 month, 1 week ago
At the end of point 2, I think they meant to write ' the first one will be in the form of the adjective ' rather than 'is an adjective ' - because they are not. https://www.spanishpod101.com/blog/2020/10/19/spanish-adverbs/
Jim B. commented 1 month, 1 week ago
Thank you, Charo. That’ll be a very useful and interesting class. I must say that the more I think about those two examples (1. Es muy fácil aprender a bailar 2. El plomero hizo un trabajo regular.) I’m 100% certain that fácil and regular are both adjectives in these sentences. Fácil qualifies the subject of “es” which is grammatically a noun or pronoun. And “regular” qualifies “trabajo” which is a noun. Hence they’re adjectives, not adverbs. I can’t see it any other way.

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